situational leadership theory strengths and weaknesses

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Due to social values, experience and thoughts associated with feminine characteristics (Goldberger, Clinchy, Belenky and Tarule, 1987), women leaders generally use the “soft” approach when dealing with others. The advantages and disadvantages of situational leadership allow for greater flexibility in the workplace. Also, the statement made by Terrill that he will “stay off the engineers back and get top management to stay off their backs too” indicates that he will not interfere much with the engineers daily tasks. Engage in exchange of information. Terrill also successfully exercised the division’s expert power to ensure top management did not impose trivial matters (such as writing internal daily reports) which consume much of the engineers time so that they could concentrate on accomplishing their engineering tasks. The goal here is to ensure that every worker receives a chance to improve themselves in some way each day. On the other hand, weak leaders cannot embrace new ideas and are very much ‘stuck in their ways’, unwilling to adapt to what the situations call for. Traditionally, the roles of women are mostly confined to household-related chores and nurturing of family. On the other hand, expert power and referent power can be grouped as personal power because they involve internal or personal traits which belong to individuals. * Leaders encourage followers to strive for their goals beyond self-interest. However, according to Bravo-Baumann (2000) gender relations involves how society determines the rights and responsibilities of women and men. It gives each team member an advantage because their leader is adapting their personal approaches to meet specific needs. There are certain positive attributes to the study of traits and the theories that researchers have concerning them. The participative approach of leadership has numerous strengths. Normally associated with the formal authority to allocate organisational rewards to employees. What Are Weaknesses Of Situational Leadership Theory Leadershipis the process of interaction of the leaders to his or her team members. In 1969, Blanchard and Hersey developed Situational Leadership® Theory in their classic book Management of Organizational Behavior. Positional power refers to external power which is vested in an individual’s formal role, position or authority. Situational leadership as a model may not feel intuitive to task-oriented or heavily regimented managers. Leadership Theories There are quite a few different leadership theories available for people to take information from and use in business settings and even personal settings. When direct reports see this change occur, it can leave them with questions. The only way to get to know someone is to step into their shoes. Describe the three theories of situational leadership and what you consider to be the strengths and weaknesses of each theory when leading staff in the organizational environment. Because this leadership style allows for changes to be made, leaders get to switch between the different styles that are most effective at each readiness level. Most Effective Style of Leadership: Studies have shown that transformational leadership is more effective than transactional leadership.One study noted that it ranked first in terms of effectiveness. You’ll see leaders who are directing people as tasks are completed, or goals are formed by being specific with their instructions. in nature, and to tell the leader in a particular situation what to do given different . The following table highlights the differences in the two types of leadership: [3]. As the new boss to a team of highly paid and skilled engineers, it can be assumed that John Terrill himself possessed quality traits which made top management at DGI International very confident that he can turn the non-performing department around. Survey Reflections Leadership … In an organizational context, power is directly related to hierarchy or structure and legitimacy which come with positions. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. The only fix to this potential disadvantage is to have frequent and transparent communication, which takes time away from the actual work that may need to be done. Situational leadership is a leadership style in which a leader adapts their style of leading to suit the current work environment and/or needs of a team. Even though we can all find common ground with other people at some level, humans are unique individuals. Motivation, focus, and skill are the areas of diagnosis that are focused upon, allowing the leader to determine who the best person for each task will be. Through his research, Mintzberg (1973) also managed to conclude that all the above ten roles fall into three broad categories which are interlinked. The Pros: Strengths and Benefits of Transformational Leadership. * Leaders are conscious of the relationship between reward and effort. Researchers French and Raven (1959) had studied the sources of power and successfully listed them in five distinct forms. According to Henry Mintzberg (2004), based on his research on the various activities of managers in a business setting, the roles of managers can be classified into ten types as depicted in the following table: Perform duties which are symbolic and ceremonial. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the two developed their own styles. Followers may be able, willing and confident to perform the tasks but they may also take advantage of the low intervention from their managers so that the tasks may not be completed on time or productivity is not up to par as expected. In this case, the engineers are able to concentrate on accomplishing their tasks and productivity of the division will improve. Source : http://leadershipchamps.wordpress.com. That process can cause some leaders to become fixated on the end prize instead of looking at the details required to achieve that goal. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Based on their aptitude and the fact that the engineers requested top management to stop making them spend too much time on writing reports, Terrill was able to gauge that the employees possess high capabilities of performing their tasks and are also willing and confident to do their job provided that they were given the opportunity and time needed to accomplish their tasks. His openness may have encouraged the engineers to confide in him even though he was new to the organisation. One of those leadership styles was called transactional leadership. It is an element which is able to shape managers and followers, and is the key underlying factor for leadership effectiveness. He convinced them that he would stay out of their way and get the top management off their backs so that the engineers can accomplish their tasks as expected. Lastly, the appro… This style can be effective in less-hierarchical organizations such as schools or retail outlets. Here is a look at some of the common strengths that have been discovered. Then there is a fifth type of leader: the situational leader. Regardless of gender, successful and effective leaders will find their preferred leadership style, that can be a blend of gender-specific roles, which is most suitable to the situation that they are in. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Instead, they should be allowed to focus more on accomplishing their engineering tasks. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! A true leader is always thinking of ways to improve their product … The company is forced to stick with that type of leadership because other leadership styles only focus on the structure or process. Instead of lumping all employees into one generic category, the situational leader looks at individual situations. He also asked them to voice out their grouses and the possible reasons for their non-performance. The term power, authority, domination and control are often used interchangeably as there is a thin line separating their meanings (Pheby, 2004). Strengths And Weaknesses Of Situational Leadership 1164 Words 5 Pages According to Northouse (2013), “Situational leadership stresses that leadership is composed of both a directive and supportive dimension, and that each has to be applied appropriately in a given situation” (p. 99). 1) Great Man Theory of Leadership: Leaders are born, not made. Female principals are also more democratic or participative while male principals adopted a more autocratic or directive approach. This style of leadership is open to abuse. When dealing with a highly matured and capable team, the situational leader will gradually reduce their supervision … This leadership style may also be referred to as … A situational leader must be able to determine the strengths and weaknesses of their direct reports. A shift from a delegation style to a telling style might feel like the leader has a growing distrust of the worker. The strength of the contingency theory of leadership is its ability to predict leadership effectiveness as individual and organizational variables are introduced. Maturity in leadership settings takes on two different meanings. A situational leader may be deemed inconsistent and hard to … Managers who adopt this style of leadership will allow their followers or subordinates to take responsibility for their assigned tasks with minimal supervision from them. Instead, the create an environment where people are encouraged to come forward and share so that everyone can find success. The first strength of the situational approach is that it has been very successful for many years and it is frequently used in training programs by many Fortune 500 companies. Company Registration No: 4964706. One primary example of this is the difference between men, women, and transgender workers. [2]. However, if a leader wrongly gauged the job readiness of his followers and leave it to them to accomplish certain tasks, he may not achieve the desired results at the end of the day. One of the most significant disadvantages of situational leadership is the fact that people respond in different ways to various leadership styles. Great leaders know how to be flexible and make decisions based on the difficult circumstances they are faced with; they can think on their feet and find solutions to problems quickly. Transactional approach values desired results in exchange for rewards, motivations or punishments; thus, transactional leaders will stress on higher productivity and offer rewards (or punishment) as motivation ( Burns, 1978). Using the power vested in his position as the manager of the team coupled with the mandate given by top management to solve the productivity issue, Terrill issued an order which was against the wish of company management. Meanwhile, the decisional roles make decision on how to deliver the information to other parties. Ability to Categorize Observable Behaviors. Leaders are a key human resource in any organisation. Their goal is to evaluate the competency of each worker, then boost motivation levels based on the style which is most useful for that person. The Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Model is built on the concept using “follower maturity” as the key issue which affects adjustment in leadership styles. In this section we’ll examine the early development of the theory in late-60s to 70s, before looking at how the leadership model has evolved from the early inception. Even though there are varying outcomes from these researches, a majority of the research results agreed that differences in leadership styles definitely exist among male and female leaders. In the role as school principal which requires more interpersonal ability, women display greater task-orientation. Situational leaders focus on short-term needs. Representing organisation to outsiders in public relations capacity. The organization is using decentralized … Looking at the two-by-two matrix, the Delegating Leadership Style is described as Low Task, Low Relationship, whereby intervention from managers is kept to a minimum with the assumption that the subordinates are able, willing and confident of accomplishing the tasks at hand. He could anticipate that top management would agree to his recommendation that management should not bog down the engineers with daily reports because their engineering expertise is a critical resource in meeting the company’s production objectives, whereas internal reports are only administrative requirements. First, there is lack of clarity of progression through development levels. The person holding this power is able to impose punishment. Strengths and weakness of LMX The LMX theory has some strengths in regard to the leadership process, and they include: first, the theory validates the structuring of outgroup and in-group from the relationship between the leader and the members. Followers of this leadership style will feel more trusted and will build a closer working relationship with the leaders and foster better team work. According to Bauer and Erdogan (2010), we have Fiedler’s Contingency Theory, Situational Leadership, Path-Goal Theory of Leadership, and Vroom and Yetton’s Normative Decision Model. May not necessarily linked to position or authority in an organisation. The ability of those in higher ranking positions to influence their subordinates is driven by power. These leaders can approach direct reports at any level of maturity to provide them with the counsel they may require. Combined with the use of situational leadership theory, one who is in touch with their own strengths and weaknesses as well as their employees’ can be a very effective leader. On the other hand, transactional leadership style is more visible in traditional organizational settings where male leaders are dominant (Rosener, 1990). Besides strengths, situational leadership theory has its weaknesses, namely its over-simplified description of the relationship between leader behaviors and situational variables and lack of empirical research that … As a result of the increase in female leadership roles, there have been a string of researches aimed at studying the leadership styles and behaviour differences between men and women leaders (Statham, 1987; Carless, 1998; Davidson & Ferrario, 1992; Van Engen et al., 2001). In his liaison role, Terrill tried to maintain positive relationship with the engineers and not take sides with the top management by using any form of coercion on his team. Instead, it all depends on the situation at hand and which type of leadership and strategies are best-suited to the task. These individuals may struggle to remain flexible and adapt to situations that could benefit from more listening and less “telling.” Rigidly insisting on a specific set of rules and procedures can be demoralizing to a workforce, and can dissuade employees from coming forward with important information about … Works to stress the concept of developing leadership skills, rather than focusing on the ones that are already possessed 3. Situational leadership is an approach where leaders’ behavior may vary depending on a particular situation. He successfully proved his point by showing top management that the high stack of report produced over the last three weeks were not read by anyone because no one asked to look at them. During his meeting, he played his role as a liaison or intermediary between the engineers and top management. By understanding these managerial roles, managers will be able to discharge their duties more efficiently and effectively. That allows for fires to be put out and morale to be salvaged, but it also creates issues where personal development can be stalled. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! In this case, Terrill did not use any reward or coercive power because he did not impose any reward or punishment in getting to the root of the problem and then making sure that his engineers would carry out their tasks after that. When workers are satisfied, they stay more productive. All these ten roles can be applied to any managerial situation depending on the requirement of the circumstances. Taking two different test subjects and stating what their reactions will be to similar situations is not possible. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. The situational theory of leadership suggests that no single leadership style is best. Defining Situational Leadership . An individual with referent power is looked upon as a role model by others. Leadership is the process of interaction of the leaders to his or her team members. 6. That is because they’re being asked to follow a particular set of rules, policies, or regulations that are inflexible. This power is also embedded in formal job descriptions that are mutually agreed to by employees in an organisation. If the leader is adept at reading changing situations and understands what people need, then they can be useful in their role. Table 1: Hersey-Blanchard Situational Table Leadership Model, Managers who are keen to use the Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Model must first fully understand or be able to assess/gauge the level of maturity of its subordinates with reference to their readiness or commitment to perform their job tasks. 1. Terrill’s delegating style can be further identified when he promised to stay off the engineer’s backs and also make sure that top management did the same. First of all, participative leadership promotes a healthy working environment through making each member feel important and needed in the organization. It is a leadership style … * Leaders reinforce behaviour of followers for successful execution of plan. They are also traits that come to mind when you think of authentic leadership. Some researchers failed to find disparities in leadership styles between men and women (Pounder and Coleman, 2002; Van Eagen, Van der Leedeen & Willemsen, 2001). Traits like micromanaging, inconsistency, a lack of awareness and other similar qualities can be attributed to weaknesses in leadership skills. When he found out that the engineers were demotivated by the amount of daily reporting that they had to do instead of focussing on their engineering tasks, Terrill asked the engineers to carry out their engineering duties like they were supposed to and increase the division’s productivity while he took care of the daily report generation problem with top management. In fact, one of its most important functions is to build interdependency between leaders and followers. Transmit information to other via phone calls, memos, notes, etc. This indicates that Terrill will not interfere much with the daily tasks of the engineers because he believes the engineers know what are expected of them, what they are supposed to do and do not need much direction from Terrill to accomplish their tasks. This approach improves the effectiveness of a team by maximizing the output of each individual member of the team. He then suggested that management do away with the daily report and one brief report from his office on a monthly basis is sufficient. Traits like micromanaging, inconsistency, a lack of awareness and other similar qualities can be attributed to weaknesses in leadership skills. In addition, Fiedler's model paved the way for other theories that have no one best style of leadership at their core, such as Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership. Based on Mintzberg’s theory, in the DGI International’s case, John Terrill played the roles of Liaison and Negotiator. @inproceedings{Shonhiwa2017AnEO, title={An Examination of the Situational Leadership Approach : Strengths and Weaknesses}, author={Doctor Caxton Shonhiwa}, year={2017} } Doctor Caxton Shonhiwa Published 2017 This present paper examines the situational leadership approach as one of … When performing the tasks to his followers but accountability of the circumstances and... 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