" Bolsonaro said he's open to the possibility of hosting a U.S. military base in Brazil to counter Russian influence in the region. , Journalist Glenn Greenwald called Bolsonaro "the most misogynistic, hateful elected official in the democratic world".  Bolsonaro has publicly referred to the military dictatorship as a "glorious" period in Brazil's history, and that under the military dictatorship, Brazil enjoyed "20 years of order and progress". According to an investigation by Folha de S.Paulo, one of Brazil's best-selling newspapers, "Bolsonaro has been getting an illegal helping hand from a group of Brazilian entrepreneurs who are bankrolling a campaign to bombard WhatsApp users with fake news about Haddad.  In 1999, Bolsonaro said that Hugo Chávez represented "hope for Latin America", comments that became a matter of controversy during the 2018 campaign, when Bolsonaro presented himself as a harsh critic of Chavismo. He later tweeted "I regret that the President Macron seeks to exploit an internal issue in Brazil and other Amazonian countries for personal political gains. , Bolsonaro has also repeatedly made admiring comments about a number of other Latin American dictatorships. Even before the earthquake, Brazil had a "special relationship" with Haiti, as Al Jazeera's Lucia Newman reports.  Despite being reprimanded by his superiors, Bolsonaro received praise from fellow officers and wives of military men, becoming a household name for hardliners and right-wingers who were growing disenchanted with Brazil's new civilian democratic government.. Many Brazilians were also angered at Bolsonaro's defiance of the stay-at-home measures introduced by several states governors. You are very pretty. Bolsonaro, whose presidency will begin with a New Year’s Day inaugural ceremony in Brasília, has routinely praised Brazil’s military dictatorship, which gave way to the return of democratic governance in 1985. , At the regional level, he praised the Argentine President Mauricio Macri for ending the 12-years rule of Néstor and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, which he saw as similar to Lula and Rousseff. Supreme Court Justice Luís Roberto Barroso, focused his criticism on protesters. He further argued that Brazil does not need legislation specifically targeting homophobia, because "most homosexuals are murdered by their respective pimps at hours when good citizens are already asleep". He also said that the country should stop "praising dictators" and attacking democracies, such as the United States, Israel and Italy. Getulio Vargas, who had been president of Brazil since 1930, was deposed in a bloodless coup in October 1945 by the military which had previously supported him. ", "Resultados das Eleições 1994 - Rio de Janeiro - deputado federal", "Folha Online - Especial - 2002 - Eleições", "Folha Online - Especial - 2006 - Eleições - Apuração - Rio de Janeiro - Deputado Federal", "Reeleito deputado pelo Rio, Bolsonaro quase quadruplicou votos em relação a 2010 - Política - iG", "Confira a apuração da votação por estado", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Jair_Bolsonaro&oldid=992596728, Members of the Chamber of Deputies (Brazil) from Rio de Janeiro (state), Social Liberal Party (Brazil) politicians, Social Christian Party (Brazil) politicians, Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro councillors, Articles with Portuguese-language sources (pt), Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, One of the world's 100 most influential people by, Person of the Year of Brazilian-American Chamber of Commerce (2019), This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 03:11.  Even before taking office, he backed out of Brazil's offer to host the 2019 UN Climate Change Conference. He also said: "We preserve more [rainforest] than anyone. Brazil's President Is Sending The Military To Fight The Amazon Fires As Protests Grow Worldwide. Together with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, he said that "Brazil and India are two great countries, among the ten largest economies in the world, that together have 1.5 billion inhabitants, are democratic countries. ", On 9 November 2017, the Court of Justice for the State of Rio de Janeiro sentenced Bolsonaro to pay a fine of R$150,000 for hate speech because of televised comments he made in 2011 to the CQC TV program, when Bolsonaro stated that "there is no risk" of his family producing a homosexual child because his children had a "good education".  As of 2018[update], Bolsonaro and his wife lived in Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro.  Multiple controversies marked his administration's first years.  Similar concerns were raised by analysts in Portugal and Brazil. , Bolsonaro spent most of his childhood moving around São Paulo with his family, living in Ribeira, Jundiaí, and Sete Barras, before settling in Eldorado, in the state's southern region, in 1966, where he grew up with his five brothers.  Other controversial political stances expressed by Bolsonaro have been the defense of the death penalty (which is currently banned under the Constitution of Brazil of 1988) and of radical interventionism in Brazil by the military, along with an imposition of a Brazilian military government. , With formal support from the United States for Brazil's entry on OECD in May 2019, Bolsonaro said that "currently, all 36 members of the organization support the entry of the country, fruit of confidence in the new Brazil being built, more free, open and fair". In 2007, he married his third and current wife Michelle de Paula Firmo Reinaldo (with whom he has a daughter, Laura).  Harvard's Steven Levitsky said that Bolsonaro "is clearly authoritarian", but not a fascist. Homosexuals will be happy if I become president.  Bolsonaro is widely considered to be the most pro-American candidate in Brazil since the 1980s. He became known to the public in 1986, when he wrote an article for Veja magazine criticizing low wages for military officers, after which he was arrested and detained for 15 days.  A Datafolha poll from September showed Bolsonaro as the leading candidate in the first round with 28% of vote intentions, though runoff scenarios showed him losing to Geraldo Alckmin, Fernando Haddad and Ciro Gomes and tying with Marina Silva.  His German ancestry came from his father's maternal grandfather, Carl "Carlos" Hintze, born in Hamburg around 1876, who immigrated to Brazil in 1883. ", Bolsonaro rejects the scientific consensus on climate change. A Military Junta or Junta Militar ruled Brazil from August 31 to October 30, 1969, between the sudden illness of President Artur da Costa e Silva and the swearing-in of Emílio Garrastazu Médici as his successor. He argued that those territories have very tiny isolated populations, who would be controlled by NPOs, and proposed to integrate them into the larger Brazilian society. In a fascist rant delivered during the opening of … Bolsonaro came out in support of a small protest Sunday that defended military intervention, infringing his own ministry's recommendations to maintain social distancing and prompting fierce critics.  As a result, public opinion, which had been favourable during his first year in office, turned negative throughout most of 2020, before becoming more favourable once again after he authorised emergency financial aid payments. , Bolsonaro is an open admirer of U.S. President Donald Trump. Januar 2019.  Federico Finchelstein, scholar on fascism and populism, has considered Bolsonaro, as he would link violence to austerity and neoliberal economic ideas, to be the most similar leader to Augusto Pinochet to come out from the young South American democracies. President Jair Bolsonaro’s excesses in the face of the novel coronavirus outbreak in Brazil have irritated the Armed Forces’ high command, which now appears to have “elected” Chief Minister of the Casa Civil, Walter Braga Netto, as the country’s new “operational president”. [...] People who aren't prepared to have children, shouldn't have them. From 1991 to 2018 he served in Brazil's Chamber of Deputies, representing the state of Rio de Janeiro. Later he studied at the Army Physical Training School in Rio de Janeiro and served in the 21st Field Artillery Group and the 8th Paratrooper Field Artillery Group, from the Paratrooper Brigade, both in the same city.  His stance towards China has also been interpreted by some as an attempt to curry favor from the Trump administration to garner concessions from the US. On the day Brazil celebrates its army, Bolsonaro made an appearance at the protest held in front of the army’s headquarters, in the capital city of Brasilia. Speculation that Brazil's right wing president Jair Bolsonaro could be deposed by the military amid the Coronavirus crisis is gaining momentum. According to this board, Bolsonaro had a "serious personality deviation and a professional deformation", "lack of moral courage to leave the Army" and "lied throughout the process" when denying frequent contacts with Veja.  During the 2018 presidential campaign, he started to advocate economically liberal and pro-market policies.  Though contested by two lawsuits, the Superior Electoral Court of Brazil deferred them and his candidacy was made official on 6 August. , On 29 September, a month after the attack, Bolsonaro was released from the hospital and returned to his home in Rio de Janeiro. He spoke to Al Jazeera in Brasilia. Most notably, he has been a vocal opponent of same-sex marriage, environmental regulations, abortion, affirmative action (particularly racial quotas), immigration (particularly from Haiti, Africa and the Middle East, which he once called "the scum of humanity"), drug liberalization, land reforms, and secularism at the federal level, among other things. But we cannot admit that, by our omission in the Parliament, children become homosexuals in the future, or have such homosexual behavior in the future, by the influence of school. Claim: Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has been briefed on the possibility that U.S. President Donald Trump may call on him for military intervention. Subscribe today. , Bolsonaro provoked controversy for a series of remarks made to and about Federal Deputy and former Human Rights Minister Maria do Rosário. " He added that "the Brazilian government remains open to dialogue, based on objective data and mutual respect. It will be a cleaning never seen in the history of Brazil".  He moved to the reserve in 1988 with the rank of captain and ran for the Rio de Janeiro City Council that year, elected as a member of the Christian Democratic Party. Bolsonaro has multiplied public appearances in recent weeks, meeting with supporters, protesters, passersby or business owners.  Ernesto Araújo, the new Minister of Foreign Affairs appointed by Bolsonaro, has called global warming a plot by "cultural Marxists" and has eliminated the Climate Change Division of the ministry. By David Mack. According to veteran Argentine investigative journalist Horacio Verbitsky, this has already been communicated informally to the Argentine authorities. November 1889 Letzte Wahl: 7./28. His great-grandfather, Vittorio Bolzonaro (the surname was originally written with a Z), was born on 12 April 1878. … She also said that the situation "does not affect the imminent free trade agreement between Mercosur and the EU". He also said he would work to diminish the federal government's size and bureaucracy by enacting a wide variety of deregulation measures. Methods [of birth control] have to be provided for those who, unfortunately, are ignorant and have no means to control their offspring.  One week before the second round, Bolsonaro said during a speech that in his administration "petralhas" and "reds" (i.e.  His electorate is mainly formed by adults above the age of 34, the working middle to upper class (mainly in the southeast region of the country), conservatives in general, college graduates, some centrists and the Christian right. , On 22 August 2019, Bolsonaro accused Macron of having "a misplaced colonialist mentality in the 21st century" in reference to criticism by the French president, where he called on G7 leaders to discuss the Amazon crisis. He was described as a quiet, discreet and conservative councilor, and showed little participation. He then publicly defended beating gay children by saying: "If your child starts to become like that, a little gay, you take a whip and you change their behavior.  In August Bolsonaro announced that Antônio Hamilton Mourão, a retired army general, would be his running mate. In practice, this means that the Brazilian military are openly planning a political coup to withdraw Bolsonaro and place Mourao in the presidency of the Republic. His predecessor, Michel Temer, had a cabinet of 29 members.  On 28 August, he gave an interview to Jornal Nacional, Brazil's highest-rated primetime news program, at Rede Globo. 1964 Brazilian Coup D'état . , In the 1990 elections, Bolsonaro was elected a federal deputy for the Christian Democratic Party. The congressman claimed to have suffered homophobic offenses from Jair Bolsonaro and his allies.  The remarks drew considerable condemnation throughout Brazil. He said: "This time, the clean-up will be even greater. ", "Bolsonaro diz que Macron busca instrumentalizar uma questão interna e critica tom sensacionalista sobre a Amazônia", "Macron Calls on G7 Countries to Discuss Amazon Forest in Summit", "Ireland, France set to block EU-Mercosur trade deal over Amazon", "Macron rebukes Bolsonaro for 'extraordinarily rude' comments about wife", "Bolsonaro, a Catholic, Expanded His Base Among Evangelicals", "Em última fala antes de votação, Bolsonaro faz aceno para ateus e gays", "Jair Bolsonaro diz que mulher deve ganhar salário menor porque engravida", "Bolsonaro diz que cabe à justiça acabar com a diferença salarial entre homens e mulheres", "Piada de Bolsonaro sobre sua filha gera revolta nas redes sociais", "É chegada a hora de dar um "Basta!"  With the intention of the U.S. President Donald Trump to make Brazil a NATO member in March 2019, Bolsonaro said: "the discussions with the United States will begin in the coming months". Trump issues flurry of pardons, commutations, Trump throws wrench into COVID relief by saying he won't sign bipartisan bill, Vatican: OK to get virus vaccines using abortion cell lines, Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro speaks to supporters during a protest in front the army's headquarters during the Army day, amid the new coronavirus pandemic, in Brasilia, Brazil, Sunday, April 19, 2020.  Another controversial point was that Taíse Feijó, now an adviser in Bolsonaro's government, was among those paid to feed fake news to his supporters. , Jair Bolsonaro is known for his strong opposition to left-wing policies. His condition prevented him from returning to the campaign trail for the remainder of the first round of the presidential election. Government enforcement actions such as fines, warnings and the confiscation or destruction of illegal equipment in protected areas have decreased by 20% in the first half of 2018 compared to the first half of 2017. RIO DE JANEIRO -- Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro came out in public to support a small protest Sunday that defended military intervention, prompting strong criticism across the political spectrum while also infringing his own ministry's recommendation to maintain social distancing. " Bolsonaro often rejects accusations made against him of misogyny and homophobia, and says he is not "far-right", but simply right-wing. , Bolsonaro has, during his long political career, expressed views regarded as being far-right. ", "Jair Bolsonaro defende golpe militar de 1964 em recepção a Yoani Sánchez", "Brazil's far-right presidential contender gets soft drink named after him", "Terra – ISTO GENTE – Entrevista: Jair Bolsonaro", "Bolsonaro diz que é liberal e adota discurso que agrada investidores", "Em 7 mandatos, Bolsonaro não foi um deputado liberal nem totalmente anti-PT", "ENTREVISTA | Bolsonaro revela a O Antagonista seus planos para a Presidência", "With Rousseff on the ropes, Brazil's far right sees an opening", "Unlikely and unlikable, Jair Bolsonaro could lead Brazil", "Ellen Page confronta Jair Bolsonaro em cena de documentário", "Acts of Faith. During a Congressional debate, Bolsonaro said that minors should be treated as adults if they commit heinous crimes such as murder or rape, to which Maria do Rosário responded by calling him a "rapist". Posted on August 24, 2019, at 12:02 p.m.  British news magazine The Economist referred to him as a "radical", "religious nationalist", a "right-wing demagogue", and "apologist of dictators".  Bolsonaro's promises to restore security amid record high crime and to stamp out Brazil's rampant political corruption won him huge popular support. Brazil's President Hasn't Congratulated Biden On His Election Victory Several prominent world leaders have remained silent, even after the U.S. presidential election was … Bolsonaro placed many army officers in key positions in his cabinet. Only rigid birth control can save us from chaos. The period of military dictatorship ended, and Sarney presided over the inauguration of the “new republic” as a constituent assembly prepared a new constitution. Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro had to stage a military takeover. And his rise to power shares many similarities with the military regime’s: Bolsonaro has seized on widespread discontent and fatigue with an incapable and corrupt political … He came in first place in the first round of the general election on 7 October 2018, with Workers' Party candidate Fernando Haddad coming in second. In the aftermath of these remarks, Bolsonaro was tried and convicted in a Federal court in September 2015 on counts of hedonic damages against Rosário. At a recent rally, President Jair Bolsonaro joined radical protesters calling for Brazilian democracy to be abolished. But between 1964 and 1985, the military was in direct command of the state, imposing indirectly elected generals as president. , Bolsonaro was stabbed in the abdomen on 6 September 2018 while campaigning and interacting with supporters in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais.  He has also made statements in defense of the Brazilian military regime (a dictatorship known for constant human rights violations).  Others, such as Marxist historian Perry Anderson, dismissed the "fascist" and "populist" labels altogether.  News.com.au wondered whether Bolsonaro was "the world's most repulsive politician".  A staunch anti-communist, Bolsonaro has condemned Cuba's former leader Fidel Castro and the current regime in that island. He served in the military for 15 years, reaching the rank of Captain. In 2014, he was the congressman who gained the most votes in Rio de Janeiro, with 465,000.  He left the party in 2018 and joined the Social Liberal Party, and then launched his presidential campaign in August that year, with retired general Hamilton Mourão as his running mate. A year later, the same magazine accused him of planning to plant bombs in military units, which he denied. After days of playing down the fires raging across the Amazon, President Bolsonaro orders the military to step in. Now, he has sent 44,000 troops to battle the flames.  In December 2008, Bolsonaro said that "the error of the dictatorship was that it tortured, but did not kill". In a July 2011 interview with the magazine Época, Bolsonaro said that he would "fight to prevent the distribution of the 'gay kit'" [a set of guidelines proposed by UNESCO to promote the rights of the LGBT community in primary schools] because "their intention is to promote homosexuality, which is an affront to the family structure, and if that makes me prejudiced, then I'm prejudiced and very proud of it". During Bolsonaro's campaign, some observers saw similarities between the Brazilian president-elect and the U.S. president's ideals, hardline attacks and a reputation for incendiary rhetoric, as well as social media presence. , Bolsonaro is a member of the Catholic Church (while his wife and one of his sons are Evangelical Christians). , Bolsonaro's political views have been described as nationalist and populist in nature, and he himself as an advocate of far-right policies. He complained about low military salaries and claimed that the High Command was firing officers due to budgetary cuts and not because they were displaying 'deviations of conduct', as the command was telling the press. , He spent only two years in the Municipal Chamber of Rio de Janeiro. Brazil's president Jair Bolsonaro has sparked outrage after attending a protest against coronavirus lockdown measures, which also called for the military to take power. According to the biography by his son Flávio, Bolsonaro "was a candidate for councilor because it happened to be the only option he had at the moment to avoid persecution by some superiors. And former United Nations Ambassador Nikki Haley called Bolsonaro — who has lauded Brazil’s military dictatorship — a US-friendly leader who “will … Government coronavirus handouts have made Brazil's right-wing president Jair Bolsonaro unexpected friends. , After the first round, when his victory looked certain, Bolsonaro gave a speech by videolink to thousands of supporters who gathered at Paulista Avenue, in São Paulo. On Saturday, hundreds of people denouncing pandemic restriction measures opposed by Bolsonaro snarled traffic in major Brazilian cities. ", "Trump of the tropics: the 'dangerous' candidate leading Brazil's presidential race", "Bolsonaro quer campo de refugiados em Roraima", "Jair Bolsonaro's Brazil Is a Disaster for the Amazon and Global Climate Change", "Bolsonaro vê imigrantes como "ameaça" e chama refugiados de "a escória do mundo" - Jornal Opção", "Em Mato Grosso, Bolsonaro defende radicalização dos produtores contra MST", "Jair Bolsonaro: Pro-Torture, Anti-Gay and Brazil's Future President?  In October, he announced he would name liberal economist Paulo Guedes as his finance minister. In 2019, Bolsonaro left his party amid a confrontation with other members and formed his own political organization. He did not give up politics and was elected to Brazil's senate in 1946. Because of this, Bolsonaro has been called the Brazilian equivalent of Trump or the "Trump of the Tropics".  In a 2017 speech, Bolsonaro stated, "God above everything. , According to political pundits, Bolsonaro moderated his tone early in the campaign, taking a less aggressive and confrontational style.  Even so, he stated his opposition to mandatory vaccination against COVID-19. às boçalidades de Bolsonaro, hoje o mais importante aliado da esquerda boçal: ambos se alimentam e se merecem! Miguel Andrade. Brazilian leader congratulates Biden on presidential win December 15, 2020 GMT Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro puts on a mask due to the COVID-19 pandemic during the inauguration of the new General Abreu civic-military school in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Friday, Aug. 14, 2020. Vittorio's parents immigrated to Brazil when he was ten, together with his siblings, Giovanna and Tranquillo. Since its establishment in 1889, the history of the Brazilian republic was marked by the centrality of the armed forces, particularly the army, in political life. He has been affiliated with several other Brazilian political parties over the years. David Mack BuzzFeed News Reporter. Bolsonaro was born in the town of Glicério, in the state of São Paulo. “It is frightening to see demonstrations for the return of the military regime, after 30 years of democracy,” he wrote on Twitter.  A polarizing and controversial politician, his views and comments, which have been described as far-right and populist, have drawn both praise and criticism in Brazil.. ", "Coronavirus: How pandemic turned political in Brazil", "Brazil president's approval rating among worst since return to democracy: poll", "Ele não era de falar besteira', diz mãe de Jair Bolsonaro", "Eleições 2018: berço do clã Bolsonaro, região do norte da Itália se agita com disputa no Brasil", "Taddone revela genealogia de Bolsonaro: 13 dos 16 trisavôs do candidato são italianos da Toscana, do Vêneto e da Calábria", "In Veneto il paese del probabile presidente brasiliano Bolsonaro", "Inspiração para o nome de Bolsonaro, Jair brilhou por Palmeiras e seleção", "Craque do Palmeiras da década de 1950 inspirou nome de Jair Bolsonaro", "Bolsonaro era agressivo e tinha 'excessiva ambição', diz ficha militar", "Capitão Bolsonaro, a história esquecida – Observatório da Imprensa – Você nunca mais vai ler jornal do mesmo jeito", "O julgamento que tirou Bolsonaro do anonimato - Política", "Como vereador, projeto de transporte gratuito para tropas - Política - Estadão", "Bolsonaro (PP) é o deputado federal com maior número de votos no RJ - Notícias - UOL Eleições 2014", "Bolsonaro aprova dois projetos em 26 anos de Congresso", "Câmara aprova pela primeira vez emenda de Jair Bolsonaro", "Deputado Jair Bolsonaro deixa o PSC e se filia ao PSL", "Com chegada de Bolsonaro, Livres anuncia saída do PSL", "Como o PSL tomou espaço da centro-direita na Câmara", "PSL oficializa candidatura de Jair Bolsonaro à Presidência, mas adia definição de vice", "Conheça a origem do slogan de Bolsonaro", "Jair Bolsonaro hopes to be Brazil's Donald Trump", "TSE aprova por unanimidade candidatura de Bolsonaro à Presidência", "Bolsonaro anuncia general Hamilton Mourão como vice", "Bolsonaro modera discurso econômico em aceno ao mercado", "Bolsonaro quer menos fiscal em empresas e nenhum imposto sobre herança", "Em encontro com empresários, Bolsonaro promete gestão austera e e corte de impostos", "Bolsonaro anuncia nomes de três ministros em eventual governo - Política", "Band faz primeiro debate com candidatos ao Planalto nesta quinta", "Oito presidenciáveis discutem propostas de governo no segundo debate da campanha eleitoral de 2018", "Jair Bolsonaro (PSL) é entrevistado no Jornal Nacional", "Bolsonaro é 1º presidenciável a arrecadar mais de R$ 1 milhão em vaquinha", "Will Brazil's Next President be a Far-Right Nationalist? 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